Friday, February 20

Constitution Conversation of Aotearoa New Zealand

New Zealand is proposing a single, united constitution (as opposed to it's present disparate state). The NZ government asked the public for submissions of ideas about what they would like to see in it.

My submission can be downoaded here and the first three pages of this submission are below.

Subjects: Innovation, good design and the concept of Tax Choice.

Thursday, November 27

Culture Hack: The "Counter-Pamphlet"

I created a fun culture hack recently that I like to call my "counter-pamphlet".
Basically, it's a pamphlet I give to people who give me pamphlets.

My counter-pamphlet is a single page of text that I have printed out, folded up, and placed in my pocket ready to give to crazy street preachers, charity street canvassers, and others who want to stop and discuss their perspective of the world with me.

It goes something like this:

Thank you leaflet-giver / street canvasser / religious nutter for stopping me in the street. Before you engage me in any further conversation please read the following information with as much of your attention as you expected me to read / listen to your ideas. 
To sit idly by in a life of comfort as half of the world suffers on scraps is deeply irresponsible to our humanity. Too many people today have swallowed the horrible pill of not caring for others. Their inability to empathise can even poison them as human beings to such a degree that they can no longer see their own heartlessness. 
The ones that haven't lost all of their humanity often try to assuage their first-world guilt by throwing loose change at organizations like World Vision, Unicef, Amnesty International, Greenpeace and others, as if donating to these charities will actually end hunger, end poverty and save the planet. 
As irresponsible as it is to ignore the world's majority who are worse off than ourselves, on the same token, to offer a symptomatic solution to a systemic problem is unreasonable. 
How can Greenpeace save the planet when those in power continue to prioritise, and be influenced by, the parts of the economy that are destroying the planet? 
How can Feed The Children or Unicef end child hunger when third-world countries continue to be crippled by first-world trade tactics
And how does it affect people when they see their well-meaning charities and organizations only being able to address the symptoms of a problem and not its cause? It makes them see injustice throughout the world as too entrenched, as systemic - which it is - but it also makes these people give up on trying to make a difference. They will eventually throw their hands in the air, declare the problems all too difficult and soon give up on caring altogether. This then worsens these systemic problems by allowing them to become even more entrenched. It's a vicious cycle and it's gaining momentum, but it is not a catch-22. There is a way out. 
Right now all of humanity remains divided- because there is currently no way for us to operate as a single entity. Without the ability to act as one we are left only to serve our individual needs. As a species, this makes us the equivalent of a virus. So while our individual selves continue depleting precious resources in order to survive our overall number increases marching us ever closer to killing our relationship with the planet, like a cancer. This is a terrible scenario to find ourselves in, but our core problem is that we have no form of collective decision-making to stop ourselves from doing this.
We aren't yet one planet, but we can come together. 
Rather than let our global decisions be directed by chance, or worse, by an unelected few, let us instead decide our own fate by choice- a democratic choice. Let the people of the world decide what we want by allowing every human adult a vote in a people's global parliament. With such a powerful mechanism we would be able to very literally choose how we want the world to be. Any majority decision by a global parliament would be the official voice of the world's population and no country or corporation, regardless of its size, could outrank that. 
But if you've never heard of a global parliament before then there's a lot of work still to be done and I believe your time could be better spent promoting the unification of the planet- a systemic solution - rather than continuing to promote one of a number of symptomatic solutions provided by well-meaning charities and charitable institutions. But please don't misunderstand that. I believe what you're doing is both kind-hearted and shows great integrity, but consider this: If we could successfully unite the world's people we could solve the problem of [whatever issue you're concerned enough to stop me about] faster than if we leave the world divided. 
What's a better use of your time? 
Alright... maybe I'm asking too much from you to completely jump on board with this idea. How about I meet you in the middle? 
Imagine if all charitable organizations including your own could continue to promote their separate causes, but each one doing so through the idea of a world parliament so that these issues that are important to them may have the chance to appear on the ballot of a world-wide people's referendum. If the entire world's population officially endorsed their cause it would give that charitable institution much more power and freedom to properly achieve their goals. And so if all these charitable organizations combined their messages to support the creation of a global parliament this could help literally everyone make a very real and very positive difference to the world. I hope this idea appeals to you. If it does, simply let your organization know. You can also find out more at

I use this PDF version to print out and stick in my pocket.

Tuesday, November 4

Spellfall - "freedback"

To the creators of Spellfall, congratulations and thank you for creating a premium game free for me to play- the correct new phrase for this being a "freemium" game. Now that I have successfully completed your freemium game this post will serve as my quality feedback that I also will give freely. You can think of it as "freedback".

As you will see from this screenshot, after 72 consecutive days I had successfully completed all areas of the game and I did this without spending any real money or posting on any social media site. I did this deliberately and I'd like to explain why...

(Proof that I didn't post anything to facebook is this the message: You have no friends in Darkon Vale (and now Backflip Studios)).

My decision comes from an aversion to the money-making ethos of all freemium games now days, which it seems is to bleed as much money from players using the most effective methods and mechanisms available. There has even been a new role in the games industry created for that specific purpose: a monetizing producer. This trend has gained so much momentum now that the first tell-tale sign of a freemium game isn't the game being free-to-play, but instead is the extortionary prices of some of the items available, and Spellfall is a poster child for this kind of excess. Even some very basic items are priced well beyond what the overall purchase of a regular mobile game should normally be if bought at full price, which strengthened my resolve to try to complete Spellfall without giving anything in return.

13 real dollars gets you 127k of fake Spellfall money that buys half of a single upgrade of a single 5-upgrade item, or with the same amount of real money it can buy two full-priced Triple-A mobile games. 

170 real dollars can buy the most powerful weapon in Spellfall, or with the same amount of money can buy as many full-priced Triple-A games as you'd care to play (or a month's worth of real-world groceries that you can actually eat). 

To be clear, when your company decides to be monetarily ruthless it is only fair if the players are monetarily ruthless in return. But more so, why would I want to promote anything on any social media site that promotes this degree of overpricing? To do so is to endorse the freemium ethos of bleeding people dry, however what should be of interest to every freemium game developer is that the converse of this idea is also true.

If I were to buy ALL the valuable items in Spellfall for a sum total of what a normal mobile game would be priced at then I would have happily promoted your game on Facebook to all my friends since I also very much enjoyed playing your game. And this should be the yard stick by which all freemium games should set their prices at. To go past this point is to embrace an unrealistic, even Gordon Gecko-like idea of how best to make money from your potential customers.

But would this idea, of setting the total price of all items to just the cost of a normal game, actually work? Whatever profits Backflip Studios would have lost in the lack of overpriced purchases would have easily been made up for in regular sales gained from greater exposure because more people would naturally feel better about sharing their experience. The idea of overpricing objects in a game sends a message that the creators are not convinced the game will be shared on the merits of the game itself, but instead can only gain a profit by fleecing the fools that pay out of desperation or gaming addiction. The truth is that you had a game worthy of sharing, but you ruined it by using a business model that oozes a lack of confidence (or integrity).

And then nothing...

The other regular "freemium" characteristic which Spellfall achieved successfully was that absolutely nothing happened once you completed the game. Once the final villain was slain and there was no corruption anywhere on the map, and I checked thoroughly, there was no indication of any triumph. Not a free item, nor gold reward, nor any kind of reward that you would expect simply playing the game regularly. Not even a simple screen popping up to say: Congratulations. This would have been the bare minimum. To go up from here would be a thank you from the studio for playing their game, or some stats about how much time you played to get you to this point, how many gold coins you earned, etc. How about a single image of concept art showing the final villain being vanquished? Would that really have been so difficult to include? You have the 3d assets used in the game, why not re-use a winning animation with the current state of your character accompanying a bit of text (you have enough text to read in the game already, why not a bit more?). Ideally though, you could have taken advantage of the excellent animators on your team and given them an ending scene to animate. It's what games have always done, and yet Spellfall didn't. Backflip Studios, you just wanted to rob us of as much money as you could and not even give a thank you at the end of it. This is typical behaviour of the Freemium model- just ask Clumsy Ninja.

So why would an ending screen be useful? Beyond just giving you a sense of completion/satisfaction, it could be an excellent opportunity to re-align the player's purpose for continuing to play the game now that they've finished. Your excellent game designers could have easily re-invented a mode of play that kept the victorious gamers interested beyond the end screen. Since literally NOTHING happened once I completed the game meant that there was now no motivating purpose to keep playing, and that's a shame because I very much enjoyed playing the game and it wouldn't have taken me much motivation to continue doing so.

My only motivation now is to watch the entire map go corrupt again while I wait to see if you provide the Lucent Claideamh (Light Sword) as the Daily Gift once I've been rewarded with all the other available Elemental Claideamhs (Fire, Water, Plant, Cold, Lightning Swords).

UPDATE: You didn't.  There was no Lucent Claideamh to reach for. Instead, our motivation was lessened to only go for a rare item at the end of 20 days.  By the time I've finished the game these items are barely worth a look.


But don't let the business model fool you...

I'd like to pay special compliment to your game designers. They did a particularly excellent job of gradually scaling up the degree of difficulty during the course of game as well as the affordability of items in the store. The overall consideration given to all the variable factors as well as the enjoyment of the basic gameplay was very addictive and fun. Kudos to them. When I explain ideas like affordable item pricing (in real dollars) as well as re-aligning the purpose of the game once completed I have every confidence your game designers will be able to do this, and far better they are assigned the task than a monetizing producer.

I was surprised at how much I became a fan of the basic idea of Spellfall, the clever blending of two very addictive game types: match-3 puzzles with an RPG. It just works.

(Match-3 puzzle genre perfectly blended with an RPG = Spellfall)

The other people I'd like to pay particular credit to is the Spellfall animators and the UI interface artist/s. Being an animator myself and a UI enthusiast I was very impressed by the quality these people were able to deliver. It lifted the experience of playing the game and was constantly impressive.

However, I'm also a character designer, and the character designs were a little hit and miss. The overall creative direction of Spellfall didn't quite reach the heights your designers, animators and UI interface artists were able to reach. While the creature designs were excellent, as were quite a few of the weapon designs, the creative direction seemed to completely nose-dive with the armor designs. Some designs of the armor were terrific and fit nicely within the look and feel of the game world as well as next to the creatures you were fighting, like the excellent Solar Armor:

Solar Armor

But the rest of the designs would display this kind of inconsistency...

How can all of these designs exist comfortably in the same universe? Apart from the Solar Armor the rest of these designs are simply not desirable enough to want to buy. Case in point was this design:

The Fuegan Battle Robe

This "armor" had some desirable statistics, and so I bought it for a stupid amount of the game's gold, but it looked so ugly and so out of place that I went back to using some less powerful, but more appropriately-styled armor just so I wouldn't keep being taken out of the game's experience every time I looked at it and thought: "Jeez, that looks like crap".

Backflip Studios, if you were to invest any time and money into a new update (to effectively gain new players) then please update the armor designs to look more consistent with the rest of the very well designed world and its creatures.

Lastly, I thought the music overall was also excellent, but one track with a very rolling beat really shined and I found myself openly enjoying the music above playing the game for a long time. Also, the brilliant opening score seemed wasted on a screen you had to tap once to get past. Apart from a day where I was distracted and accidentally kept my phone on with this music playing I would have never had the chance to hear it otherwise. It's a great piece. Perhaps re-use it on a screen where we spend more time- perhaps a screen where we can scroll through all of the game's text that we've been exposed to/unlocked so far. It's nice dramatic reading music. (Isn't "freedback" great, eh?)

And now some general ideas and suggestions...

Automatic sorting of inventory items - This is a collated screengrab of how Spellfall sorts the items in your inventory. As far as I can tell it's based on the time that you bought the items through the game (from left being the newest to right being the oldest). It would have been more helpful if it automatically grouped each item in its own categories for you, and ordered them within these categories from most powerful to least powerful (and greying out instead of disappearing the runes you're already using). This would have given you a much easier and more helpful way of deciding which items to choose from (and much more quickly as well). Added to this, it would have looked more beautiful scrolling through your collection of items. Using filters to view only runes, weapons or armour may be helpful, but so too would have been a filter to view by element too.

Visual indicator of maxed runes - When a rune has been maxed out it would be nice to see a glow around it to indicate this- that it's status has been maxed out. Too many times I had to sift through the same kinds of runes to find out which ones were more progressed than others and it would have been nice to have that selection process streamlined (with automatic sorting and visual cues for maxed runes).

(A quick example)

Hold and drag within the inventory screen - Since you can so easily do this in the game itself there's no reason I can see why this same familiar mechanic can't also be utilised for the inventory screen. This would work much better if the used runes and items were greyed out, which is not what happens in the game in its present state.

Escape to inventory screen before a fight - Too often I came to the fight screen and realised that I needed to swap out a weapon beforehand, but was locked into the fight with whatever I had. It would be helpful to have an escape to inventory button (see below), even if it came at a gold cost to use, it would still be appreciated.

Cam shake for above 3 elemental attack - I thought it was terrific to see the animation get larger and more involved the more elemental power-ups were used. It became extremely rewarding to see how much more powerful the attack animation would grow, however after 3 elements the animation remained unchanged.

(A 3 element attack)

At the fourth elemental power-up and above a (cheap to do) white flash and camera shake could help indicate a more powerful animation accompanied with a special name reward at each level above that (for example: 4 water elements: Tsunami! x 4)

(A 4 element attack - mock-up)

Ability to burn off waterlogged tiles - It would be fun if there was a way to get rid of the water-logged tiles by making matches with fire runes right next to it as well as obliterating them in the normal way.

A water-logged tile

Omni rune - One of the elements of the game that frustrated me was how runes couldn't be charged unless they were selected. In some ways I understand this to be part of the gameplay's challenge, but on the other hand I also found it an extra level of complexity that didn't need to be there. This idea represents a mid-ground between these two extremes. The omni-rune allows elemental runes (that requires a particular element to charge it) to be charged without it being selected. I.e. It allows the runes you're carrying to be charged in the background. The disadvantage is that it takes up a space on your inventory to have this take effect. Something like this would also be terrific as a reward for completing the game.

The omni-rune (mock-up)

Item Quest - It would be fun if, during the game, you heard of desirable items (a particular armour) that requires you travelling through areas of the map and attacking specific creatures to attain. A side quest, basically. This could start as a small alert on your map (like an bobbing exclamation mark), which you'd click on to find out if it's worth going on the quest, and if it would be to your liking (and you clicked on it to activate the quest) then a route would appear (like the image below).

Customization - It would also be fun if (with enough gold) you could customize weapons or armour. It may work within a single screen like so: You have a number of templates (skins) for your choice of armour/weapon, then you have a currency with which you can allocate to whatever attributes you prefer, taking from some to give to others, etc. I'd imagine this being tempered by stages of customization too (Customization level 1, 2 and 3) and experienced players might prefer to save up throughout the entire game so they can buy a Level 3 customized weapon with a maximum amount of customization currency. Perhaps this idea may even be (or only be) incorporated into the Item Quests- for instance: You save up enough gold to request from a powerful elemental spirit a particular weapon/armour. They may make it for you, but they also make you work for it by giving it to you in the form of a quest.

Level 25 - I didn't mind capping the strength of the characters at level 25, but there seemed like there was nowhere else to go to after this. This was particularly frustrating as everything else seemed to continue to gain in strength. It would have been nice to be able to grow the characters abilities or skills in other ways, which gives weight to my suggestions for customizations and side quest.  Aside from this point, it would have also been nice if the EXP awarded to you as a daily reward (after you passed Level 25) changed to a coin reward instead- since EXP rewards are no longer valid after Level 25.

(Wow, look!  I'm rewarded with zero experience points!  Wait... what?)

Where was the runes for sale? - I saw this advertisement, but I never saw any runes for sale in the shop. Only the chests of gold and the claideamhs. I wouldn't have bought them, but it would be nice to see the selection and I would have been curious to see what they were priced at. (Something ridiculous, most likely).

My play strategy

Here is my personal play-style when completing Spellfall. Basically I favoured the Drain ability and would always make sure I had weapons with as large a Drain stat as I could get, and carry as many Drain runes as possible. My armour favoured the Crit Dam stats, and I had one rune always dedicated to this as well. In the end my play-style was to use the Heal rune once my health was at 1/2, then immediately Make Water to recharge the Heal rune. I would sometimes need to go through this process twice, using the Rejuvenation rune when things got really bad. After a battle I would go visit my friend Tordicus, who was still a low level character and hadn't been corrupted since he was last defeated. I would often grind the runes (and my strength thanks to the Drain ability) all back up to full power so I could get into the next battle. I fought Tordicus countless times... (Below are screengrabs of how my character was for the last part of the game)

To sum up...
  • Make the real money prices affordable- don't go past $10 total.
  • Give us an ending- something, anything! 
  • Credit the staff- they really did do an excellent job. 
  • Give us a reason to keep playing after we complete the game.
  • Improve the costume and weapon designs.
  • Make the inventory screen easier to negotiate- this includes identifying upgraded runes.
  • Make elemental attacks over three visually worthwhile.
  • Include a few special runes to shake up the gameplay (like an omni-rune).
  • And give us side quests for special items or custom items.

While you didn't get any money from me, or ratings or even any social networking exposure from me (no-one reads this blog) I consider my "freedback" a perfect repayment for the enjoyment I got from your "freemium" game. Thank you. :)

Monday, September 15

Open letter to all Kiwis

In less than 5 days you will be allowed to vote in a nation-wide democracy, as a New Zealander, about the future of your country. But you're also a human being, and as a human being you are not allowed a vote in any election about the future of your own planet. There is no way for you to vote at a global level because there is no global representative democracy. This is unfortunate because as we all face global problems, like climate change, we don't have a say in how these problems are addressed, or even IF they are addressed, at all.

Right now in New Zealand there is an incredibly well-articulated and highly effective effort to put the global problem of climate change on the national ballot- the Climate Voter campaign -however without a global parliament to give a voice, and a vote, to the people of the entire world many of these wonderful national efforts will remain trapped at their nation's borders and global decisions will continue to be made by an unelected few.

While I whole-heartedly support the nation-wide Climate Voter campaign, please let it and similar efforts point towards more far-reaching and ultimately more effective GLOBAL solutions such as the creation of a global parliament.

Let's start operating as one planet.  To help in the effort to globalise democracy go to

Monday, June 16

United Nations Parliamentary Assembly

I found this the other day and it pleased me.  Creating a global parliament is the most important task we humans must succeed in achieving and the Campaign for a United Nations Parliamentary Assembly is a step in that direction.


Thursday, January 30

How the World now sees Australia

An excerpt from The Bugle Podcast ( talking about Tony Abbott and the Australian populace.  

I'm posting this because I was so disgusted by the successive elections of John Howard that I left to New Zealand and haven't looked back, but with the recent election of Tony Abbott my disdain for the country has been well and truly cemented.  I cannot relate to the majority of Australians based on who they have voted for (and keep voting for) and as a result I have not been proud to call myself an Australian.  

In fact, I've since become a New Zealand citizen, so I'm officially not an Aussie anymore.  
Good riddance, you pack of dickheads.